Literature

The following (by no means exhaustive) list includes useful general references to the study of bivalves.

General Works and Identification Guides

  • Abbott, R. T. 1968. Seashells of North America. Golden Press, New York, 280 pp. [still the best first identification guide available]
  • Abbott, R. T. 1974. American Seashells: the Marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of North America, 2nd ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 663 pp., 24 pls.
  • Bieler, R., and P. M. Mikkelsen, eds. 2004. Bivalve Studies in the Florida Keys: Proceedings of the International Marine Bivalve Workshop, Long Key, Florida, July 2002. Malacologia, 46(2): 241-677.
  • Coan, E. V., P. Valentich-Scott, and F. R. Bernard. 2000. Bivalve Seashells of Western North America: Marine Bivalve Mollusks from Arctic Alaska to Baja California. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California, viii + 764 pp.
  • Dall, W. H. 1886. Report on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877-78) and in the Caribbean Sea (1879-80), by the U. S. Coast Survey Steamer “Blake,” Lieut.-Commander C. D. Sigsbee, U. S. N., and Commander J. R Bartlett, U. S. N., commanding. XXIX. Report on the Mollusca. Part I. Brachiopoda and Pelecypoda. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 12: 171-318, pls. 1-9.
  • Dall, W. H. 1889b. Report on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877-78) and in the Caribbean Sea (1879-80), by the U. S. Coast Survey Steamer “Blake,” Lieut.-Commander C. D. Sigsbee, U. S. N., and Commander J. R Bartlett, U. S. N., commanding. XXIX. Report on the Mollusca. Part II. Gastropoda and Scaphopoda [with “Addenda and Corrigenda to Part I, 1886,” pp. 433-452]. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 18: 1-492, pls. 10-40.
  • Dall, W. H. 1903. A preliminary catalogue of the shell-bearing marine mollusks and brachiopods of the southeastern coast of the United States, with illustrations of many of the species. Reprint to which are added twenty-one plates not in the edition of 1889. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, no. 37: 1-232, 95 pls.
  • Diaz Merlano, J. M., and M. Puyana Hegedus. 1994. Moluscos del Caribe Colombiano: un Catálogo Ilustrado. Colciencias y Fundación Natura Colombia, Santafe de Bogota, 291 pp., 74 pls.
  • Harper, E.M., Taylor, J. D., and J. A. Crame, eds., 2000. The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 177, vii + 494 pp.
  • Johnston, P. A., and J. W. Haggart, eds., 1998. Bivalves: An Eon of Evolution. University of Calgary Press, Calgary, xiv +461 pp.
  • Kraeuter J. N., and M. Castagna, eds. 2001. Biology of the Hard Clam. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science, xix + 751 pp.
  • Landman, N. H., P. M. Mikkelsen, R. Bieler, and B. Bronson. 2001. Pearls: A Natural History. H. N. Abrams in association with the American Museum of Natural History and the Field Museum, New York.
  • Lydeard, C., R. H. Cowie, W. F. Ponder, A. E. Bogan, P. Bouchet, S. A. Clark, K. S. Cummings, T. J. Frest, O. Gargominy, D. G. Herbert, R. Hershler, K. E. Perez, B. Roth, M. B. Seddon, E. E. Strong, and F. G. Thompson. 2004. The global decline of nonmarine mollusks. BioScience 54: 321-330.
  • Morse, M. P., and J. D. Zardus. 1997. Bivalvia. Pages 7-118 in Microscopic anatomy of invertebrates, Volume 6A: Mollusca II (F. W. Harrison, and A. J. Kohn, eds.). Wiley-Liss, New York.
  • Mikkelsen, P. M., and R. Bieler, 2004. Critical catalog and annotated bibliography of marine bivalve records for the Florida Keys. In: R. Bieler, and P. M. Mikkelsen, eds., Bivalve Studies in the Florida Keys, Proceedings of the International Marine Bivalve Workshop, Long Key, Florida, July 2002. Malacologia, 46(2): 545-623.
  • Mikkelsen, P. M., and R. Bieler. 2008. Seashells of Southern Florida: Living Marine Mollusks of the Florida Keys and Adjacent Regions. Bivalves. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 503 pp.Moore, D. R. 1961. The marine and brackish water Mollusca of the state of Mississippi. Gulf Research Reports, 1(1): 1-58.
  • Neves, R. J., A. E. Bogan, J. D. Williams, A. S. Ahlstedt, and P. W. Hartfield. 1997. Status of aquatic mollusks in the southeastern United States: a downward spiral of diversity. Pages 43-85 in Aquatic fauna in peril: the southeastern perspective (G. W. Benz, and D. E. Collins, eds.). Southeast Aquatic Institute, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • O'Neill, J., C. R. 1997. Economic Impact of Zebra Mussels -- Results of the 1995 National Zebra Mussel Information Clearinghouse Study. New York Sea Grant Institute, New York.
  • Redfern, C. 2001. Bahamian Seashells: a thousand species from Abaco, Bahamas. Bahamianseashells.com, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, ix + 280 pp., 124 pls.
  • Rios, E. C. 1994. Seashells of Brazil, 2nd ed. Rio Grande: Museu Oceanográfico, 368 pp., 113 pls.
  • Rodger, R. W. A. 2006. The Fisheries of North America. An Illustrated Guide to Commercial Species. Canadian Marine Publications, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, P. M. Mikkelsen, R. J. Neves, C. F. E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F. G. Thompson, M. Vecchione, and J. D. Williams. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26, ix + 526 pp.
  • Valentine, J. W., D. Jablonski, S. Kidwell, and K. Roy. 2006. Assessing the fidelity of the fossil record by using marine bivalves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103:6599-6604.
  • Vokes, H. E. and E. H. Vokes. 1984 (1983). Distribution of shallow-water marine Mollusca, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Mesoamerican Ecology Institute, Monograph 1; Middle American Research Institute, Publication 54; 183 pp., 50 pls.

Morphology, Anatomy, & Characters

  • Carter, J. G. 1980. Environmental and biological controls of bivalve shell mineralogy and microstructure. Pages 69-113, in: D. C. Rhoads, and R. A. Lutz, eds., Skeletal Growth of Aquatic Organisms. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York.
  • Carter, J. G. 1990. Evolutionary significance of shell microstructure in the Palaeotaxodonta, Pteriomorphia and Isofilibranchia (Bivalvia: Mollusca). Pages 135-296, in: J. G. Carter, ed., Skeletal Biomineralization: Patterns, Processes and Evolutionary Trends, volume 1. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
  • Dinamani, P. 1967. Variation in the stomach structure of the Bivalvia. Malacologia, 5(2): 225-268.
  • Haszprunar, G. 1983. Comparative analysis of the abdominal sense organs of Pteriomorpha (Bivalvia). Journal of Molluscan Studies, suppl. 12A: 47-50.
  • Healy, J. M. 1996. Molluscan sperm ultrastructure: correlation with taxonomic units within the Gastropoda, Cephalopoda and Bivalvia. Pages 99-113, in: J. Taylor, ed., Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K..
  • Kellogg, J. L. 1892. A contribution to our knowledge of the morphology of lamellibranchiate mollusks. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 10: 389-450.
  • Kellogg, J. L. 1915. Ciliary mechanisms of lamellibranches with description of anatomy. Journal of Morphology, 26: 625-701.
  • Morton, B. 1977. The hypobranchial gland in the Bivalvia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 55(8): 1225-1234.
  • Morton, B. 1985. Statocyst structure in the Anomalodesmata (Bivalvia). Journal of Zoology , ser. A, 206: 23-34.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1956. The stomach in the Protobranchia and Septibranchia (Lamellibranchia). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 127: 511-525 [types I and II]
  • Purchon, R. D. 1957. The stomach in the Filibranchia and Pseudolamellibranchia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 129: 27-60.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1958. The stomach in the Eulamellibranchia; stomach type IV. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 131: 487-525.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1959. Phylogenetic classification of the Lamellibranchia, with special reference to the Protobranchia. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 33: 224-230.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1960. The stomach in the Eulamellibranchia; stomach types IV and V. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 135: 431-489.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1963. Phylogenetic classificationof the Bivalvia, with species reference to the Septibranchia. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 35: 71-80.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1985. Studies on the internal structure and function of the stomachs of bivalve molluscs: stomach types III, IV and V. Pages 337-361, in: B. S. Morton, and D. Dudgeon, eds., The Malacofauna of Hong Kong and southern China, II, volume 1. Hong Kong University, Hong Kong.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1987. The stomach in the Bivalvia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences, 316(1177): 183-276.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1990. Stomach structure, classification and evolution of the Bivalvia. Pages 73-82 in The Bivalvia--Proceedings of a Memorial Symposium in Honour of Sir Charles Maurice Yonge, Edinburgh, 1986 (B. Morton, ed.) Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.
  • Ridewood, W. G. 1903. On the structure of the gills of the Lamellibranchia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character, 195: 147-284.
  • Sartori, A. F., C. Printrakoon, P. M. Mikkelsen, and R. Bieler. In press. Siphonal structure in the Veneridae (Bivalvia: Heterodonta) with an assessment of its phylogenetic application and a review of venerids of the Gulf of Thailand. In: Molluscs of Eastern Thailand: Proceedings of the International Marine Bivalve Workshop, Chanthaburi, Thailand, August-September 2005, with contributions on other molluscan groups, Rüdiger Bieler, Kashane Chalermwat, Paula M. Mikkelsen, Tan Koh Siang and Fred E. Wells, eds. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.
  • Stasek, C. R. 1963. Synopsis and discussion of the association of ctenidia and labial palps in the bivalved Mollusca. The Veliger, 6(2): 91-97.
  • Taylor, J. D., W. J. Kennedy, and A. Hall. 1969. The shell structure and mineralogy of the Bivalvia. Introduction, Nuculacea-Trigonacea. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, suppl. 3: 1-125.
  • Taylor, J. D., W. J. Kennedy, and A. Hall. 1973. The shell structure and mineralogy of the Bivalvia. II. Lucinacea-Clavagellacea conclusions. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, 22(9): 255-294.
  • Thiele, J. 1899. Die abdominalen Sinnesorgane der Lamellibranchier. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 48: 47-59.
  • Ubukata, T. 2003. A theoretical morphologic analysis of bivalve ligaments. Paleobiology, 29(3): 369-380.
  • Waller, T. R. 1990. The evolution of ligament systems in the Bivalvia. Pages 49-71 in The Bivalvia--Proceedings of a Memorial Symposium in Honour of Sir Charles Maurice Yonge, Edinburgh, 1986 (B. Morton, ed.) Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.
  • Yonge, C. M. 1948. Formation of siphons in Lamellibranchia. Nature, 161(4084): 198–199.
  • Yonge, C. M. 1957. Mantle fusion in the Lamellibranchia. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 29: 151-171.

Classification, Evolution, & Phylogeny

  • Adamkewicz, S. L., M. G. Harasewych, J. Blake, D. Saudek, and C. J. Bult. 1997. A molecular phylogeny of the bivalve mollusks. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 14(6): 619-629.
  • Aktipis, S. H., G. Giribet, D. R. Lindberg, and W. F. Ponder. 2007. Gastropod phylogeny: An overview and analysis, in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca (W. F. Ponder, and D. R. Lindberg, eds.). University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Bieler, R., and P. M. Mikkelsen. 2006. Bivalvia – a look at the branches. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148: 223-235.
  • Campbell, D. C. 2000. Molecular evidence on the evolution of the Bivalvia. Pages 31-46, in: E. M. Harper, Taylor, J. D., and J. A. Crame, eds., The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 177.
  • Campbell, D. C., K. J. Hoekstra, and J. G. Carter, 1998. 18S ribosomal DNA and evolutionary relationships within the Bivalvia. Pages 75-85, in: P. A. Johnston, and J. W. Haggart, eds., Bivalves: An Eon of Evolution. University of Calgary Press, Calgary.
  • Carter, J. G., D. C. Campbell, and M. R. Campbell. 2000. Cladistic perspectives on early bivalve evolution. Pages 47-79, in: E. M. Harper, Taylor, J. D., and J. A. Crame, eds., The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 177.
  • Cope, J. C. W. 1997. The early phylogeny of the class Bivalvia. Palaeontology 40:713-746.
  • Cox, L. R. 1960. Thoughts on the classification of the Bivalvia. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 34:60-80.
  • Dreyer, H., G. Steiner, and E. M. Harper. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of Anomalodesmata (Mollusca: Bivalvia) inferred from 18S rRNA sequences. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139:229-246.
  • Giribet, G., and D. L. Distel. 2003. Bivalve phylogeny and molecular data. Pages 45-90, in: C. Lydeard, and D. R. Lindberg, eds., Molecular Systematics and Phylogeography of Mollusks. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.
  • Giribet, G., and W. Wheeler. 2002. On bivalve phylogeny: a high-level analysis of the Bivalvia (Mollusca) based on combined morphology and DNA sequence data. Invertebrate Biology, 121(4): 271-324.
  • Graf, D. L., and K. S. Cummings. 2006. Palaeoheterodont diversity (Mollusca: Trigonioida + Unionoida): what we know and what we wish we knew about freshwater mussel evolution. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148:343-394.
  • Harper, E. M., H. Dreyer, and G. Steiner. 2006. Reconstructing the Anomalodesmata (Mollusca: Bivalvia): morphology and molecules. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148:395-420.
  • Harper, E. M., E. A. Hide, and B. Morton. 2000a. Relationships between the extant Anomalodemata: a cladistic test. Pages 129-143 in The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia (E. M. Harper, J. D. Taylor, and J. A. Crame, eds.). The Geological Society of London, London, Special Publications 177.
  • Healy, J. M., J. L. Keys, and L. Y. M. Daddow. 2000. Comparative sperm ultrastructure in pteriomorphian bivalves with special reference to phylogenetic and taxonomic implications. In: The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia (E. M. Harper, J. D. Taylor and J. A. Crame, eds.), Geological Society, London, Special Publications 177: 169-190.
  • Kafanov, A. L. and A. L, Drozdov. 1998. Comparative sperm morphology and phylogenetic classification of Recent Mytiloidea (Bivalvia). Malacologia 39:129-139.
  • Levinton, J. S. 1974. Trophic group and evolution in bivalve molluscs. Paleontology 17:579-585.
  • Lydeard, C., and D. R. Lindberg. 2003. Challenges and research opportunities in molluscan molecular phylogenetics. Pages 1-13 in Molecular Systematics and Phylogeography of Mollusks (C. Lydeard, and D. R. Lindberg, eds.). Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.
  • Purchon, R. D. 1978. An analytical approach to a classification of the Bivalvia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 284:425-436.
  • Schneider, J. A. 2001. Bivalve systematics during the 20th century. Journal of Paleontology, 75(6): 1119–1127.
  • Skelton, P. W., and M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. Pages 237-263, in: M. J. Benton, ed., The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, etc.
  • Steiner, G., and S. Hammer. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of the Bivalvia inferred from 18S rRNA sequences with particular reference to the Pteriomorphia. Pages 11-29, in: E. M. Harper, Taylor, J. D., and J. A. Crame, eds., The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 177.
  • Taylor, J. D. (ed) 1996. Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Waller, T. R. 1998. Origin of the molluscan class Bivalvia and a phylogeny of major groups, Pages 1-47, in: P. A. Johnston, and J. W. Haggart, eds., Bivalves: An Eon of Evolution. University of Calgary Press, Calgary.
  • Waller, T. R. 2006. Phylogeny of families in the Pectinoidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia): importance of the fossil record. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148:313-342.